Top Medical News 17/June/2022

Here are the top medical stories for today

Prolonged Hospital Stay affects patients with Acute Pulmonary Thromboembolism    

Patients with pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) are commonly admitted to hospital and generally have a prolonged hospital stay. Researchers have aimed to determine different clinical and laboratory parameters that are associated with prolonged hospital stay and to analyse effectiveness of Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) score as a predictor of prolonged hospital stay in patients with pulmonary thromboembolism. The study is published in Journal of the Associations of Physcians of India.

An observational prospective study confirmed cases of pulmonary thromboembolism who were defined as patients with evidence of thrombus on their CT pulmonary angiogram. Depending on the length of hospital stay, patients were divided into two cohorts: Shorter Hospital stay (less than 10 Days) and Prolonged Hospital stay (longer than 10 Days).

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Prolonged Hospital Stay affects patients with Acute Pulmonary Thromboembolism  

Serum Magnesium Levels impacts Critically Ill Patients on Admission in ICU    

Many studies found that only hypomagnesemia, but not hypermagnesemia is linked with increased mortality. However, reports of mortality due to magnesium dysregulation in the critical care setting are controversial.

To study this a report in Journal of the Associations of Physcians of India, studied the association between serum magnesium levels in critically ill patients on admission in intensive care unit (ICU) and its correlation with patient’s need and duration for ventilator support, duration of ICU stay, incidence of cardiac arrhythmias and mortality.

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Serum Magnesium Levels impacts Critically Ill Patients on Admission in ICU 

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Evaluation and Management for Physicians- Guidelines released  

Hepatocellular carcinoma is often asymptomatic in early stages, and the advent of symptoms may be ominous. The triad of right upper quadrant pain, palpable mass and weight loss may be seen in symptomatic patients. Abdominal distention and abdominal pain were the more common symptoms according to different series and new onset of such symptoms in a chronic liver disease should raise suspicion.

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Hepatocellular Carcinoma Evaluation and Management for Physicians- Guidelines released 

Hypertension control in Kerala, India: a prescription-based study

A prescription-based study was conducted to identify the provider and institution-level factors related to achieving guideline-recommended control of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the state of Kerala.

The cross-sectional study in primary and secondary care hospitals in Kerala included both public and private institutions. One practitioner was selected from each institution. Prescriptions were photographically captured and data on disease status and drugs prescribed were recorded. Totally 4679 prescriptions were included for analysis.

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Hypertension control in Kerala, India: a prescription-based study 

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